Storage of Leeches
To maintain healthy leeches, change the water every other day. Use distilled, non-chlorinated or bottled water.
Distilled water plus HIRUDOSALT is recommended. Hirudosalt is a specially formulated recipe for making up water ideally suited for the maintenance of the medicinal leech Hirudo Medicinalis. Leeches may also be kept in dechlorinated tap water. The ideal water for long term storage would be distilled water with Hirudosalt. Do not use distilled water alone as it will deplete the animals “ions”. Simply stir 0.5g of Hirudosalt into each liter of water. The water is now ready for use. Aeration is unnecessary.
Change the water every other day or more often if it begins to look cloudy. If dead leeches are found when changing the water, dispose of them as indicated below (“Disposal”) and increase the frequency of water changes to once a day. After three daily water changes without further leech mortality, you may return to changing the water every other day.
CAUTION: leeches are heat sensitive. Water should be no hotter than 50°F. Do not use chlorinated tap water.
Temperature: Keep leeches cool, 40 – 50° F (4 – 10° C). We recommend that you place the container in a cool dark place that will provide a temperature no higher than 50°F, or as close to 40°F as possible. Never put leeches in direct sunlight. If storage in a dark area is not possible, place a cover over the leech container when not in use. Leeches may also be kept in a refrigerator. In this case, it will be necessary to remove them from the refrigerator several hours before use, letting them stand at room temperature to allow them to recover their mobility.
Container: A lid is essential. Leeches are amphibious and like to crawl about. The best container is one that has a wide opening at the top such as a large jar. This allows for easy access when dispensing leeches and can be easily covered by means of a piece of cotton fabric and a sturdy rubber band. If a lid is used, perforations are advised but they must be very small indeed, as the leech body is elastic and capable of going through remarkably small openings. So, do not overcrowd. No more than 50 leeches should go into a 10-liter container.
Disposal: Keep fed leeches in a separate container and properly discard them as infectious material. Once used, leeches must never be reused on the same patient or on another patient.
- After detachment or removal from the patient, leeches should be treated as contaminated biohazard material. Each leech should be killed by immersion in 70% alcohol solution for 5-10 minutes and disposed of with other biohazard materials.
- Return unused leeches to the pharmacy to be put back in the container for storage.